Collective bargaining agreement for basketball players in France

Your employment contract and its approval

The maximum duration of a basketball player's contract is 5 years.

The termination must be set for 30 June of the sports season during which the contract ends.

My employment contract starts as of the date recorded on it.

Once the execution of the contract starts, regardless of the manner (training, matches, availability of advantages in kind, etc.), nothing can then stop it from becoming effective.

Otherwise, it becomes effective once the conditions stipulated in the contract are carried out (in general, a medical visit, etc.).

All contracts must be approved by the LNB.

If you sign before the 1st day of championship, the club must request approval a minimum of 4 days (96 hours) before your 1st match.

If you sign during the season, the club must request approval a minimum of 3 days (72 hours) before your 1st match.

If your contract is not approved, you are notified by the LNB and you can contest this decision before the Legal and Disciplinary Commission within 5 days following notification of the refusal of the approval.

If your contract is not approved by the Commission, this does not mean it is null and void and that the club can fire you for this reason. However, without approval you cannot participate in matches but you can train with the professional group.

The documents that the club must provide to be able to approve your contract are:

  • 3 copies of the contract
  • If you work part-time, the documents related to your multi-activity
  • The agency agreement between the club and the agent
  • The withdrawal letter or the letter of resignation in the event of a termination of contract with your previous club.
  • A medical certificate + the complete medical report
  • A copy of your passport
  • For non-EU foreign players, a certificate of request for a residence permit + a social security registration certificate
  • A withdrawal letter from the foreign federation if you were not in France the previous season
  • The training agreement for candidate/trainee players
  • The loan agreement, if applicable
  • Transfer of the contract in the event of a transfer.

A professional basketball player is in principle a full-time worker. That means 35 hours/week.

Your working hours include:

  • Training
  • Preparation
  • Matches (championship or friendly)
  • Promotional and/or commercial and/or demonstration (school) actions
  • Travelling for external matches
  • Team meals after a match
  • The time spent with the medical staff (physician, physiotherapist, etc.)

Rest period:

  • 11 consecutive hours between 2 working days
  • 9 hours in the event of external travelling

Daily rest:

  • 1 entire day per week but not necessarily Sunday

You can sign a part-time contract, but only under certain conditions.

The joint commission validates part-time contracts. Players must provide proof that they are enrolled in educational courses in addition to their basketball activity. Monitoring of this educational course is ensured in coordination with the players' Union.

Since 1 July, 2014 you can benefit from the ARE (Return to Employment Allowance). When your contract ends after 30 June 2014, if you have not used all the unemployment insurance to which you are entitled, you have the benefit of your remaining entitlements. The ARE is then added to your salary. However, you can never earn more than your former salary. If your current salary is more than your former salary you cannot benefit from the ARE.

There is also the reduced working hours system, which enables unemployed persons who find part-time work or a very short fixed term contract to accrue their salary and unemployment benefits until their entitlements run out.

The period of benefit deferment applied to employees who leave the company with significant indemnities is extended to 180.

The minimum amount of the ARE corresponds to 57% of the basic daily wage.

Yes, it is possible, but if the employer is the one who terminates, they must pay you all your salaries until the end of the contract, except in the event of a serious offence, force majeure, unfitness or with your agreement.

If the player is the one who terminates, they must indemnify the club.

If you have committed a serious offence, the employer can decide to terminate your contract without having to pay your salaries or any other termination indemnity. You are free to contest this decision before the Industrial tribunal.

The club can also decide to terminate your contract due to force majeure, without indemnities. Force majeure is subject to very strict conditions. It is rarely allowed by judges.

If you come to an agreement with your employer to terminate the contract, it is possible to do so with or without payment of a sum of money.

Finally, if you are not capable of exercising your job as a basketball player, the club can terminate the contract. It is not the club physician who makes the decision concerning you unfitness but the medical officer who is independent of the club.

Reference to the unfitness procedure here.

You can terminate your contract without risk of owing club indemnities if you have proof of hire on a permanent contract.

You are a French or European Community player therefore you are eligible to receive employment benefits.

Conditions for access to the ARE

ARE payment is subject to several conditions:

  1. Being a job-seeker.
  2. Having worked at least 122 days or 610 hours during the past 28 months
  3. Having involuntarily lost your job. (Resignation does not give rights to unemployment insurance)
  4. Being physically capable of working
  5. Currently and continuously looking for work.
  6. Living in France or in the French overseas departments
ARE payment period

You can benefit from the ARE for a maximum of 24 months. The payment period depends on your length of membership for the past 28 months. The indemnification period is equal to the duration of employment.

Since 1 October 2014, you benefit from "consolidation of benefits".

Each time you start to work again while you are receiving indemnity, you extend your Pôle Emploi benefits period by as much time.

Your remaining unemployment benefits, that is to say, that are not used, are not lost but saved. Your unemployment benefits are therefore in a way "suspended" during the time you work. These unused unemployment benefits will be paid to you as soon as you are out of work.

At the end of the indemnity period, you are entitled to a "consolidation" of your benefits.  You are paid a new unemployment benefit calculated on the basis of the work done during the indemnity period.

To benefit from this new rule you must have worked at least 150 hours

But this new unemployment benefit is only paid once the old benefit is used up.

Indemnity amounts

Your ARE amount is calculated on the basis of the amount of your former salary. The amount can vary from 57% to 75% of your former gross salary.

Former gross monthly salaryARE
Less than €1,143 75% of the former salary
Between €1,143 and €1,251 A minimum of €28.58/day
Between €1,251 and €2,149 40.4% of the former salary + €11.72/day
Between €2,149 and €12,680 57% of the former salary

The gross salary taken into consideration is limited to 4 times the limit of the unemployment benefit (on 1 January 2016: 12,872 euros)

Leave, holidays and the national team

Yes, the collective agreement stipulates 7 complete consecutive days off at the end of the year. Holidays must include either Christmas Day or New Year's Day.

Please note that for players playing in the European Cup, your dates might be different. The SNB negotiates holidays, club by club.

Like all workers, you have the right to 2.6 days off per month during which you have worked for the club.

The club has an obligation to give you:

  • 4 consecutive weeks during the off season
  • - 1 day for the trainers' training day if you participate in an event with the players' union.
  • - 7 days during the end-of-year holidays.

If all the holidays were not used before the end of your contract, you benefit from a paid holiday indemnity which will delay the start of your indemnity by Pôle Emploi.

The date that training starts again should be transmitted by the club by mail.

For paternal leave, Article L 1225-35 of the Labour Code states that the father benefits from a leave of 11 consecutive days, or 18 days in case of multiple births. This leave suspends the employment contract and therefore you will not be paid during this period. In addition, to benefit from this leave, you must inform your employer at least one month prior to the date when you would like to take your leave.

You also benefit from paternity leave of three days. This cannot be taken at any time; it must be close to the birth of the child (15 days prior to or following the birth). The date is set in agreement with the employer therefore there is no need to notify them one month in advance. However, the deadline of one month must be respected if you would like to accumulate the two aforementioned leaves. Finally, during your paternity leave you are paid normally.

This has no effect on your contract. You benefit from the same cover as when you work for your club.

In addition, your club must release you so that you can join your selection.

Salary and wages

Yes, the collective agreement stipulates a minimum wage for all players

In Pro A

12 months = €32,000€ gross/year, or €2,667 gross/month

11 months = €32,000€ gross/year, or €2,909 gross/month

10 months = €32,000€ gross/year, or €3,200 gross/month

9 months = €29,000€ gross/year, or €3,222 gross/month

8 months = €28,000€ gross/year, or €3,500 gross/month

7 months = €26,000€ gross/year, or €3,714 gross/month

6 months = €23,000€ gross/year, or €3,833 gross/month

5 months = €20,000€ gross/year, or €4,000 gross/month

In Pro B

12 months = €21,200€ gross/year, or €1,767 gross/month

11 months = €21,200€ gross/year, or €1,927 gross/month

10 months = €21,200€ gross/year, or €2,120 gross/month

9 months = €20,000€ gross/year, or €2,222 gross/month

8 months = €19,000€ gross/year, or €2,375 gross/month

7 months = €18,000€ gross/year, or €2,571 gross/month

6 months = €17,000€ gross/year, or €2,833 gross/month

5 months = €15,000€ gross/year, or €3,000 gross/month

Yes, for Pro A

First year = 19.600€ gross / year
Second year = 25.800€ gross / year
Third year = 31.000€ gross / year

Yes, for Pro B

First year = 17.600€ gross / year
Second year = 19.100€ gross / year
Third year = 20.600€ gross / year

You must notify them by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt. If, within the next 30 days the club has not paid, you are free to terminate your contract and sign with another club.

Please note that you must pay close attention to the rules to ensure that you can sign elsewhere.

Health and provident scheme

You must have a medical check-up within 4 days after joining the club. If complementary exams are required, they must be done within the next 4 days.

In a maximum of 8 days you must complete all exams.

In case of sick leave due to an injury, you keep your entire wage for the first 90 days.

After 90 days, you are only paid social security benefits. This wage is limited to the social security limits, which is equal to €3,269 per month in 2017.

Please note that your salary might be higher than the social security maximum. If you do not have a guarantee agreement or specific insurance (daily allowance) you lose money.

Yes, in a maximum of 48 hours after the decision by the physician you can request a second medical evaluation by an independent physician named by the LNB.

If you are declared unfit by the second evaluation, you must pay for this second evaluation yourself.

If you are declared competent by the second expertise, the club must pay.

Once the physician informs you that you are unfit to play basketball, you have 48 hours to send the following form by registered letter, e-mail or any other means that enables proof of good receipt.

The LNB has 10 days to give you a date to meet with a specialist. You must send your entire medical record to the physician for the second evaluation.

Download the letter template.

"I, the undersigned, Mr .........., declare having received notice of my medical contraindication to play basketball in professional competitions by the ........... club on.......

I hereby notify the LNB Medical Commission concerning having a second medical evaluation according to the procedure in Article 9.1, Section 6 of the Professional Branch's Collective Agreement.

For referral, I know that this letter must be addressed to the Medical Commission (and to inform the club) within 48 working hours as of notification of my medical contraindication to play basketball in professional competitions.

I know that my medical record must be transmitted to a specialist physician appointed by the Medical Commission within a deadline of ten (10) working days as of its referral, and expressly indicate my agreement for the information related to the second evaluation to be sent at any time to the said Commission.

Finally, I declare my express agreement for the result of the second evaluation, conclusive or not, concerning the medical contraindication to play basketball in professional competitions, to be sent to the club.

Drawn up in........on....... »

Mailing address to the medical commission

Ligue nationale de basket
Commission medicale
Monsieur le président
117 rue du château des rentiers 75013 paris

Yes, the collective agreement stipulates a specific insurance if you can no longer work as a professional basketball player.

You will receive a benefit according to your age, based on the gross value of your last contract. This benefit also takes into account the advantages in kind that you can gain (apartment, car, etc.).

Players 16 to 25 years of age = 150% of the gross annual salary
Players 26 to 30 years of age = 125% of the gross annual salary
Players 31 years of age = 80% of the gross annual salary
Players 32 years of age = 70% of the gross annual salary
Players 33 years of age = 60% of the gross annual salary
Players 34 years of age = 50% of the gross annual salary
Players 35 years of age = 40% of the gross annual salary

This amount is increased by 25% per dependent child.

All players over 36 years of age do not benefit from loss of licence insurance.

Yes, the collective agreement provides for a death-in-service benefit for the members of your family, regardless of the cause. This benefit corresponds to 1 year's gross salary. A single payment is made.

This gross amount is increased by 25% per dependent child.

Discipline

You can be summoned by the disciplinary commission if:

  • you do not abide by the LNB rules;
  • You undermine the image of basketball;
  • For actions that are contrary to the game;
  • If you do not abide by the FFBB rules;

15 days before the hearing, you will receive a summons by registered letter.

Up to 4 days before the date of the commission, you can request a delay. You only have a right to a single delay.

You can be assisted by anyone of your choice during the disciplinary commission. We are available to help you. Please contact us.

If disciplinary action is taken against you, you have 10 days to appeal.

Disciplinary action varies from a reprimand to expulsion.

If disciplinary action is taken against you for an offence that is "disqualifying with a report", you are automatically suspended until the disciplinary commission makes a decision. In other words, you cannot play.

A precautionary suspension is not a disciplinary action against you but as long as it is applicable it prevents the player from playing. Once you are put on precautionary suspension, you do not participate in training or play in matches with your team.

At the same time, the club must implement a dismissal procedure for a serious offence.

It also gives the employer the chance to stop paying their player but this is not a requirement. The club decides whether or not you continue to receive your wages.

In the framework of this procedure, the player is heard by their managers at a meeting.

At the end of this meeting, the club then has three choices:

  1. do nothing, and in that case your precautionary suspension is lifted and the club must pay your wages if they had decided to stop paying you.
  2. apply a disciplinary suspension that covers the period of the precautionary suspension.
  3. Dismiss you for serious offence

No, the club cannot ask you to stop training with your team. You cannot be excluded from the common programme of preparation and training.

Transfer and recruitment

Clubs have the right to recruit a maximum of 16 players under contract until 28 February. After that date, clubs can only recruit one more person.

Candidates or trainee players can sign a professional contract after 28 February.

If the club recruits a player during the season, the contract must last at least until the end of the sports season (30 June).

In the same division

Yes, you can change clubs up until 28 February.

On the other hand, if your club does not pay your wages, after 30 days and after giving the club notice to pay, you can terminate your employment contract and join another club in the same division.

In the upper or lower division

You can change clubs between the PRO A and PRO B divisions up until 28 February.

Yes, you can. You can join an NM1 club after playing in LNB. However, you must make a commitment before the 12th day of home matches.

After having an NM1 contract, you can sign in an LNB club up until 28 February.

You cannot be loaned without your agreement.

The duration of the loan cannot exceed 2 consecutive seasons in the same club. However, you can be loaned to different clubs.

You can be loaned up until the last day of road matches in the championship in which you participate or until the date set by the federal regulations if the loan is to a federal club.

You can return to you original club during the season if you so desire.

If you signed your first professional contract after having a trainee contract, you can be loaned to a federal club.

If the club to which you were loaned is wound up by court decision during the season, you have the right to return to your original club and you can participate in competitions in which they play.

If you return to your original club, the club must allow you to train with the professional group.

Pairs of shoes

Yes, under professional contract, the club must provide the players in youth teams, U23 in ProB and with a 1st profesionnal contract with:

  • either 3 pairs of shoes
  • or 3 checks of €150 on presentation of invoices if the club has no sponsor.

Right of personal portrayal

Yes, your individual image belongs to you. You can freely use it for commercial, advertising or promotional actions on condition that you do not refer to the club for which you play.

However, you must notify the club each time you wish to be involved in a promotion.

Yes, but only under certain conditions:

  • By associating your image with that of at least 3 other team players
  • By using your individual image but only if it is associated with the image of the club

Yes, as a professional player you must be available for your club to participate and attend promotions. However, the club must inform you at least 5 days in advance. This deadline of 5 days is not required when it concerns Basketball promotion in school or university centres.

Retraining and education

All clubs must establish an educational plan notably to help players prepare their retraining. 2/3 of the club's available budget must go to the players.

The other option is to use the CPF (Personnel Education Account). All the details are available on the following link: www.moncomptedeformation.gouv.fr

Yes, if you played for more than 3 seasons in the LNB, you are eligible for aid from social funds.

Social funds provide financing for education or for financial aid if your social situation is problematic.

The only condition is to have played for at least 3 seasons in the LNB (Pro A or Pro B) and to set up a dossier.

You must set up a dossier (hypertext link, or window that opens when the cursor moves over it with the list of documents)

List of documents:

  • civil status of the applicant
  • sports CV
  • cv professionnel
  • professional CV
  • educational course estimate
  • motivational letter
  • last 2 tax notices
  • Pôle Emploi registration file

Players in training (Candidates or trainees)

A candidate player is a basketball player who is preparing his career as a professional basketball player. They have a training agreement with the club.

The club must in return provide player training. The modalities are defined in the training agreement.

They are placed under the guidance of the training centre managers and must continue their studies normally.

The club must:

  • Act as a "good parent" for the young players
  • Teach them how to play basketball

The candidate's contract does not give automatic right to participate in LNB competitions.

Duration of a contract

For a U16 player = 4 seasons
For a U17 player = 3 seasons
For a U18 player = 2 seasons
For a U19 player = 1 season

The contract can be terminated at the end of each season on condition that the other party is informed at the latest on 31 May by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt.

If the player decides to terminate the contract:

They cannot sign any contract with another professional club for 3 seasons, unless a training compensation is paid or by agreement with the club they leave.

If the club decides to terminate the contract:

The player is free to sign wherever they please.

In the event of the departure of a player to a foreign country, only the club they leave can have them sign a candidate's contract on their return.

If the club wishes to sign a professional contract with the player, the club must make an offer to them within a deadline of 30 days following notification by the player of their return to France.

If the player refuses, they cannot sign with another club for 3 seasons unless they pay training compensation or by agreement with the club they leave.

For training compensations, their amount corresponds to the real cost of the player's training.

Approval

Tous les contrats autres que ceux homologués par la LNB sont nuls. Si un litige existe le club peut être sanctionné par la commission de discipline.

Toutefois, si votre contrat a commencé à être exécuté, ou si le club n’a pas procéder à son homologation, des moyens existent pour exiger que ce contrat soit respecté.

Agents sportifs

Any contract, besides those approved by the LNB, is null and void. If there is a dispute, a sanction can be applied by the disciplinary commission. Nonetheless, if the execution of your contract has started, or if the club has not approved it, there are ways of ensuring that the contract is complied with.

Sports agents 

It is illegal to pay an agent's fee to sign a player's contract for a minor.

Qualification

Candidates or trainees must be qualified

  • before the 3rd day of championship
  • up until 31 March, all clubs can sign an additional candidate or trainee's contract. If the player was enrolled in another LNB club, they can only play in a different division.
  • a federal club player cannot enrol in the LNB club during the season

End of the contract

All contracts end on 30 June and according to the regulations, cannot be extended beyond this date.

At the end of the candidate's contract the club can demand that the player sign a trainee's contract. The club should send their contract proposal at the latest on 31 May of the last season by registered letter.

If the player refuses to sign the trainee's contract, they cannot sign with another club for 3 seasons unless they pay training compensations or by agreement with the club they leave.

If the club does not propose a contract by 31 May, the player is free to sign wherever they wish.

The trainee player is a young player who would like to prepare a career as a professional player and who has signed a training agreement with their club.

The club has an obligation to provide the player with professional training.

Players who can sign a trainee's contract are:

  • players who are at the end of their candidate's contract
  • - all players on condition that they are over 19 years old and under 21 years old

The trainee's contract does not give automatic right to participate in LNB competitions.

Duration of a contract

For a U20 player = 2 seasons
For a U21 player = 1 season

The contract can be terminated at the end of each season on condition that the other party is informed at the latest on 31 May by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt.

If the player decides to terminate the contract:

They cannot sign any contract with another club for 3 seasons, unless training compensations are paid or by agreement with the club they leave.

If the club decides to terminate the contract:

The player is free to sign wherever they please.

If the candidate refuses to sign a trainee's contract with their club, they cannot sign with another club for 3 seasons unless they pay training compensations or by agreement with the club they leave.

Players leaving and returning from abroad

In the event of the departure of a player to a foreign country, only the club they leave can have them sign a candidate's contract on their return.

If the club wishes to sign a professional contract with the player, the club must make an offer to them within a deadline of 30 days following notification by the player of their return to France.

If the player refuses to sign the contract with their training club, they cannot sign with another club for 3 seasons unless they pay training compensations or by agreement with the club they leave.

For training compensations, their amount corresponds to the real cost of the player's training.

End of the contract

All contracts end on 30 June and according to the regulations, cannot be extended beyond this date.

At the end of the trainee's contract, the club can demand that the player sign their 1st professional contract. The club should send their contract proposal at the latest on 31 May of the last season by registered letter.

The club can propose:

  • A contract for 3 seasons
  • A contract for 2 seasons with the possibility to sign for an additional 3rd year.
  • A contract for 1 season with the possibility to sign for 2 additional years.

If the player refuses to sign their 1st professional contract, they cannot sign with another club for 3 seasons unless they pay training compensations or by agreement with the club they leave.

If the club does not propose a contract by 31 May, the player is free to sign wherever they wish, but they cannot make contact with any other team prior to this date.

The gross wage for training players corresponds to the weekly minimum of 9 hours of work, indexed on the standard pay set by section 12 of the CCNS (National Collective Sports Agreement), which was €374.32 € on the 1st July, 2014.

The minimum pay for training players with national selection is defined as follows:

  • Selection in U18: €800 gross monthly
  • Selection in U19: €1,000 gross monthly
  • - Selection in U20: €1,400 gross monthly

Basically, it is important to specify that the title of a 'selected' player for the French Team is only for players who have played one or more matches in the framework of a final phase of an international, European or World Championship competition.

Termination of a contract

The contract can be terminated if the training agreement is terminated

The candidate or trainee's contract can be terminated if the player signs a professional contract with their training club.

The contract can be terminated if it is not executed, or in cases specified in the labour code (force majeure, serious offence, unfitness, agreement by the parties).

If the club is not involved in French championship the player can freely sign with another club, on condition that the new signing occurs before the 3rd day of championship.

The contract can also be terminated, on condition that compensatory damages for termination are paid.

The club can demand compensation for training. These compensations are calculated on the basis of the real cost of training the player.

Loan

A candidate or trainee player can be loaned to other clubs in the LNB or the federal championship. The loan cannot be for more than 2 consecutive seasons. At the end of the first loan season, the player can be loaned to another club.

Federation centre players

When a player returns to the federation centre when he is on contract with a club, the player only continues to be paid if there is an agreement between the parties. The contract is neutralised.

Disputes

All candidate or trainee players also go before the LNB disciplinary commission.

I would like to terminate my training agreement

The training agreement can be terminated at any time if the club and the player are in agreement. Despite everything, this should not affect the player's schooling.

If the player signs a professional contract with their club, this results in termination of the training contract.

Termination by the player

The player can notify the club of their desire to terminate the training agreement. The termination shall become effective 30 days after receipt of the letter. According to the reason, the termination can result in the payment of a training compensation in the event of signing with a club within 3 years following the termination

Termination by the club

The club can terminate the training agreement, on condition that it is done at the latest on 31 May. On the other hand, the club is responsible for training the player and taking responsibility for the resulting expenses until the initially scheduled end of the agreement.

Termination due to non-compliance with the requirements of the agreement

The club or the player can terminate the training agreement in the event of non-compliance with the requirements. For this, a notice by registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt must be sent beforehand to the other party to comply with the requirements, and this must have been sent without answer in 30 days.

If the other party's offence prevents any pursuit of contractual relations, according to the severity, termination is effective as of receipt of the registered letter with acknowledgement of receipt.

In any event, the club must allow the player to continue normal training until the end of the season.

Termination for medical reasons

If the player can no longer play basketball for medical reasons, the agreement can be terminated but the club must ensure the player's education until the end of the season.

Termination for non-approval

The agreement can be terminated if:

  • the training centre loses their approval
  • the club has not fulfilled a request for approval
  • the club is refused approval.

If this is the case, the club must ensure that the player receives schooling until the scheduled end of the agreement.

Betting on sporting events

As an LNB player (professional, candidate or trainee) you do not have the right to place bets on FFBB and LNB competitions.

You must bear in mind the following rules:

  • betting on your own game is forbidden
  • you shall not try to manipulate the results of a match
  • you shall not try to manipulate a competition in which you participate
  • you must know the rules concerning betting on sporting events; your career depends on it!
  • all confidential information must remain confidential
  • if anyone approaches you regarding this, you shall speak to your players' union.

Terms & conditions - Connect